Biographical Log of Michael Furstner - Page 149

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Sunday - Tuesday, March 21 - 23 2010 (diary, bridge, Richard Dawkins)

Our GNOT Bridge team,  fltr : Mairead, me, Lisa, Gaileen On Sunday I went to the Stokes Hill Wharf for lunch. The Dinah Beach Sailing Club was running one of their last races of the season and there were lots of yachts on the water, starting the race as I arrived.
Looking back I am pleased having been involved in running such races for 6 years at the Darwin Sailing Club, but I am also glad to be out of it now.

Monday the first session of the Arafura Bridge Club GNOT heat. There are 8 teams and we do quite well, finishing 3rd behind two strong teams.
Afterwards there is quite some talk and commotion about a Small Slam (bidding and making 12 out of the total 13 tricks) I bid and made against the strongest team present. It was the only Slam bid of the evening and no other team had spotted and bid it. Contrary to some of the comments it was not a difficult or risky bid to make. There appears to be a rather disappointing trend in competitive Duplicate bridge these days to go for safety all the time and Slam contracts are almost entirely off the radar for most. Over the past week Mairead and I bid and made four Slam contracts, not bid by anyone else.

Cartoon from Dawkins' book 'The Greatest Show on Earth' Tuesday : I am on a healthy diet these days, by eating more salad. The Upper Crust sandwich bar in the Palmerston Shopping Centre make great salads with a piece of fish or chicken on the side which I have for lunch most days now.
Afterwards I check out some books at the Palmerston Library, and have an Iced Coffee at the Bistro there.
Yesterday I picked up a couple of books by Douglas Adams (from "The Hitch hikers Guide to the Galaxy" fame), raved over by many intelligent readers, but I can't really get into them. They are funny for a bit but too artificial to my taste. I have never been into Science Fiction, I prefer the real thing every time.

And that is what I do find today : The Greatest Show on Earth, the most recent (2009) book by Richard Dawkins. As usual ("The God Delusion", "The Selfish Gene", "A Devils Chaplain", etc.) : hard hitting, intelligent, hugely informative and a great read.

Dawkins' books are not just about recreational reading. They are at the very forefront of the battle against ignorance which still prevails in even the Developed World today.
Two recent polls (2008 Gallup poll in the USA and the 2006 MORI poll in Britain) have revealed the considerable difference in enlightenment or lack thereof between Britain and the USA.

  • The evolution theory says that human kind has developed over millions of years from less advance forms of life. God had no part in this process.
    48% of Britons agree with this statement, while only 14% agree with it in the USA.
    (36% of Americans believed in the Evolution theory, but also that God did have a part in it.)

  • The creationism theory says that God created human kind pretty much in his/her present form at one time within the last 10,000 years.
    22% of Britons agree with this statement, while 44% agree with it in the USA.

While Britain and (as additional European polls reveal) especially Northern Europe are clearly in the lead towards greater enlightenment, we have a long long way to go, and the present ground swell of history denying creationists (with their stronghold in the USA) is very worrying to say the least.

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Wednesday & Thursday, March 24 & 25 2010 (diary, entropy)

Awareness 30 continues from March 19, 2009
Entropy (I quote from Brian Greene's book "The Fabric of the Cosmos") is a measure of disorder in a physical system.   High entropy means that many rearrangements of the ingredients making up a system would go unnoticed, and this in turn means the system is highly disordered.
Low entropy means that very few rearrangements would go unnoticed, and this in turn means the system is highly ordered."

Low (trees) and high (geese) entropy On this photograph for example, the mango trees are neatly aligned in a straight line and spaced at equal intervals. It represents a system of low entropy, because if one tree was removed and placed say halfway between this row and the next, it would immediately catch our attention.

The geese underneath the trees, on the other hand, represent a system of high entropy. Taking one of them away and placing it somewhere else, would largely go unnoticed.
If there were only two or three geese present underneath the trees, taking one away or shifting it to another spot would of course draw immediate attention. So the more ingredients (geese) a system has, the greater potential it has for high entropy.

In physical systems with many constituents (I quote Greene again), there is a natural evolution towards greater disorder, since disorder can be achieved in so many more ways that order. In other words, physical systems tend to evolve toward states of higher entropy.

Jazz singer Tony Bennett Here I leave Greene and follow my own (non physical, layman's) thoughts on this interesting topic, making no apologies if I apply it perhaps somewhat broader than science would have intended.
Curiously, where nature tends to evolve towards greater entropy, we humans try to do the opposite, creating low entropy order whenever we can, because order, "straight thinking", logic, is very much our thing.

Scientists look at a high entropy situation and trace it back to its initial low entropy state and to the rules by which it is governed. And we have done a marvelous job. Look at the abundance of life forms all around us today, and we can trace it now back to its very beginning : the simple joining of two primitive cells.

We walk through a natural forest and there is high entropy all around us. Trees grow where seeds have fallen, blown at random by the wind, or carried within birds until discarded in their droppings. Enter a pine forest plantation or fruit farm and there is nothing but straight lined trees, low entropy, because it makes sense for maintenance and harvesting.
The legendary Jazz singer Tony Bennett once said in a TV interview :
"There are no straight lines in nature."

Hunnebed near Rolde, Drenthe, The Netherlands And I believe he is right. Think of a line as being a series of perfectly aligned interconnected dots, a system of very low entropy. Would not last very long in nature!
Wherever man goes he leaves a low entropy foot print, the Dutch hunnebedden in the Northern province of Drenthe are a perfect example. A bunch of large granite boulders strewn around naturally at random would draw no attention whatever, but used to construct a grave and bingo a human low entropy foot print is left behind for thousands of years.

When walking through the bush in outback Western Australia as a geologist during the Nickel boom (1968) I would marvel at the untouched wildness of the place. Then suddenly amongst the rubble strewn everywhere around me I notice a three or four flattish stones, perhaps 20-25 cm (8-10 inches) wide, placed on top of one another. A marker for a mineral claim boundary, a survey point. A low entropy human foot print, in the middle of a millions of years old high entropy expanse.

Neatly arranged table and chairs at the Mooloolaba Surf Club From childhood onwards we are taught : order, by our parents, at school, at work, in the army. When finished eating (as a child) and leaving the table you place your chair back properly where it belongs, to restore low entropy. It is still with me, strongly, I judge people by it !

In the Mooloolaba Surf Club the staff do a great job, neatly arranging tables and the chairs around them. Empty plates and glasses are removed immediately. A very aggreeable low entropy environment. Some people enter the Club, sit down have their meal, carelessly shove their chairs back and walk out. Low entropy destroyed. I am annoyed and judge : no education, blunt, careless, oblivious to the comfort of others, little awareness.

I believe that composition (the pleasing arrangements of objects) too is an expression of human's intuitive sense for low entropy. Some of course possess this sense more than others.
My father would marvel at my mother. Every time she entered the lounge room, she would, intuitively, almost unconsciously, move an ornament on a table here, rotate a vase with flowers slightly there, as she walked past it. "It is all perfect again", my father would sigh.

Wivica at work in her studio, 2008 My sister Wivica was in her earlier years an specialist interior decorator consultant for fashionable jewelry shops throughout Europe.
When she applied for the job she was given by her interviewer an object which she was asked to place on a large rectangular table. After Wivica had done that, the interviewer took out a tape measure, and measured the exact position of the object with respect to the sides of the table. "Perfect" he said, "the Golden Cut, spot on!

What does this mean? For human perception even a single object seen within a spacial context (a table, a landscape, etc.) there are only a few low entropy ("just right") positions. In contrast there are lots of "wrong" positions, high entropy, because it does not matter where the object is placed then.

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