IMPROVISATION  - by Michael Furstner

Lesson 12a - SUPPLEMENT
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This is the last lesson of the Improvisation Course.

I hope you have enjoyd it.

If you would like to continue improvisation with Jazclass I suggest you 
consider the Jam Factory Course. 20 songs for easy improvisation with
numerous exercises and play-a-long track. Unlike the Improvisation Course the Jam Factory Course is in webstyle (html)
format. Available on CD-ROM. Please feel free to ask any questions as you digest the material of this
course. Cheers, Michael. _________________________________________________________________________ CONTENTS 12a-1. Improvisation Lead sheet 12a-2. Scale Rulers 12a-3. Answers to Quiz 12 _________________________________________________________________________ 12a-1. IMPROVISATION LEAD SHEET When starting on a new song make an Imrpovisation Lead sheet. Use either a blank page or a page of Manuscript paper. 1. Mark all bar lines. Use always 4 bars to a line. This helps to bring out the song format and individual phrases. 2. Mark the Chord symbols ABOVE the BARS. 3. Write the scales in the staves as white notes without stems (or letters) Color the chord tones black. 4. Write BELOW the bars critical tones (or guide tones) you wish to highlight in your solo. Here is an example for the Swing Time Bridge section. ______________________________________________________________________________ 12a-2. SCALE RULERS Here are the Scale- and Chord Rulers used for the course. You can print it out for use as a handy reference guide. Cut of the Letter strip and align it with any of the Rulers. (Make sure to print it in Courier font to keep the distances true.) LETTER STRIP C# D# F# G# A# C# D# F# G# A# C# C Db D Eb E F Gb G Ab A Bb B C Db D Eb E F Gb G Ab A Bb B C Db | | | | | | | | | | b3 | b5 | 6 b7 | | 1 3 5 7 9 SEVENTH CHORD RULER | | | | | 1 2 3 5 6 | | | | | | (1) (b3) (4) | (5) (b7) (1) PENTATONIC SCALE RULER (Minor scale and Blues scale in brackets) | | | | | | | | | | 2 | 4 | 6 | 8 | 1 3 5 7 9 MAJOR SCALE RULER | | | | | | | | | | 2 | 4 | 6 | 8 | 1 3 5 b7 9 MIXOLYDIAN MODE RULER | | | | | | | | | | 2 | 4 | 6 | 8 | 1 b3 5 b7 9 DORIAN MODE RULER | | | | | | | | | 2 | 4 | b6 | 1 1 b3 5 b7 AEOLIAN MODE RULER (Natural minor scale) | | | | | | | | | b2 | 4 | b6 | 1 1 b3 b5 b7 LOCRIAN MODE RULER | | | | | | | | | 2 | 4 | b6 | 1 1 b3 5 7 HARMONIC MINOR SCALE RULER | | | IIm7 V7 Imaj7 IIm7b5 V7(b9) Im TWO-FIVE-ONE RULER ______________________________________________________________________________ 12a-3. ANSWERS to QUIZ 12 A. Unscramble these II-V-Is and place the chords in a logical order. 1. Dm7 G7 Cmaj - Cm7 F7 Bbmaj7 2. Ebm7 Ab7 Dbmaj7 - Em7 A7 Dmaj7 3. Gm7b5 C7 Fm - C#m7 B7 Emaj7 4. Cm7 F7 Bbmaj7 - Fm7b5 Bb7 Ebm 5. F#m7b5 B7 Em - Am7 D7 Gmaj7 B. Write down the Dorian modes for these chords. 1. Dm7 - D E F G A B C D 2. Am7 - A B C D E F# G A 3. Bbm7 - Bb C Db Eb F G Ab Bb 4. Fm7 - F G Ab Bb C D Eb F 5. F#m7 - F# G# A B C# D# E F# C. Write the Mixolydian modes for these chords. 1. F7 - F G A Bb C D Eb F 2. F#7 - F# G# A# B C# D# E F# 3. A7 - A B C# D E F# G A 4. Bb7 - Bb C D Eb F G Ab Bb 5. E7 - E F# G# A B C# D E D. Write out the Locrian modes for these chords. 1. Cm7b5 - C Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb C 2. Fm7b5 - F Gb Ab Bb B Db Eb F (*the B is really a Cb) 3. Am7b5 - A Bb C D Eb F G A 4. Gm7b5 - G Ab Bb C Db Eb F G 5. F#m7b5 - F# G A B C D E F# E. What scale do you use for improvisation over each of the chords in these
progressions. 1. Gm7 - C7 - Fmaj7 : G Dorian* , C Mixolydian* , F major scale* 2. Dm7 - C7 - Fm7 : D Dorian* , C Mixolydian* , F Dorian 3. Am7b5 - D7 - Gm7 : G harm.minor* , G harm.minor* , G Dorian 4. Cm7 - Fm7 - Bb7 : C Aeolian* , F Dorian* , Bb Mixolydian* 5. E7 - Amaj7 - Dmaj7 : E Mixolydian* , A major sc.* , D Lydian* 6. Am7 - D7 - G7 : A Dorian* , D Mixolydian* , G Mixolydian 7. Em7b5 - A7 - Dmaj7 : D harm.minor* , D harm.minor* , D major sc. 8. B7 - E7 - A7 : B Mixolydian , E Mixolydian , A Mixolydian (On each line : the scales and modes with an * have the same notes) F. Write out the II-V-Is in the following keys. 1. F major : Gm7 - C7 - Fmaj7 2. Db major : Dbm7 - Gb7 - Cbmaj7 (Bmaj7) 3. G minor : Am7b5 - D7(b9) - Gm 4. A major : Bm7 - E7 - Amaj7 5. D minor : Em7b5 - A7(b9) - Dm _____________________________________________________________________________ JAZCLASS - www.jazclass.aust.com Copying permitted for personal use only. Copyright 1997 Michael Furstner. All rights reserved.